Estimating migration patterns of fish from otolith chemical composition time series

Publication: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
10 April 2021

Abstract

Understanding migration patterns and habitat use is of great importance for management and conservation of marine living resources. The chemical composition of otoliths is influenced by the surrounding environment; therefore, they are indispensable data archives. To extract migration patterns and historical habitat use of individual fish, we analyse otolith chemical compositions obtained by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry by a regime-switching state-space model. The state-space model filters the measurement noise from the environmental signal. In turn, the filtered signal is converted to geographical positions through a calibration of strontium to salinity. The method is validated by a simulation study and applied to 404 Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) otoliths.

Résumé

La compréhension des habitudes migratoires et de l’utilisation de l’habitat est d’une grande importance pour la gestion et la conservation des ressources marines vivantes. Parce que leur composition chimique est influencée par le milieu environnant, les otolites constituent d’indispensables archives de données. Afin d’inférer les habitudes migratoires et d’utilisation de l’habitat passées de poissons individuels, nous analysons la composition chimique d’otolites obtenue par spectrométrie de masse avec plasma à couplage inductif jumelée à l’ablation au laser (LA-ICP-MS) à l’aide d’un modèle d’espace d’états des changements de régime. Ce modèle filtre le bruit de mesure du signal du milieu ambiant. Le signal filtré est ensuite converti en positions géographiques par l’étalonnage du strontium en fonction de la salinité. La méthode est validée par une étude de simulation et appliquée à 404 otolites de morue (Gadus morhua). [Traduit par la Rédaction]

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cover image Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Volume 78Number 10October 2021
Pages: 1512 - 1523

History

Received: 23 September 2020
Accepted: 5 April 2021
Published online: 10 April 2021

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Christoffer Moesgaard Albertsen cmoe@aqua.dtu.dk
National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet 201, Kgs. Lyngby DK-2800, Denmark.
Karin Hüssy
National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet 201, Kgs. Lyngby DK-2800, Denmark.
Simon Hansen Serre
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Øster Voldgade 10, Copenhagen DK-1350, Denmark.
Jakob Hemmer-Hansen
National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Vejlsøvej 39, Silkeborg DK-8600, Denmark.
Tonny Bernt Thomsen
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Øster Voldgade 10, Copenhagen DK-1350, Denmark.

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© 2021 The Author(s). Permission for reuse (free in most cases) can be obtained from copyright.com.

Funding Information

Danish Ministry for Environment and Food and the European Union: 33113-B-16-034
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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