Cookies Notification

We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy.

Estimation of hydrogeologic parameters and groundwater-balance components based on fluctuations of the water tables

Publication: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
December 1985


The Wilson Creek experimental basin is located on the slope of the Manitoba Escarpment, southwestern Manitoba. Observations of groundwater regime, weather conditions, and stream discharge were carried out in this basin from 1965 to 1980. Using groundwater fluctuations in observation wells, it was found that the values of the specific yield of till range from 0.03 to 0.04 and the specific yield of shale is equal to 0.04. Calculated vertical hydraulic conductivity of till ranges from 2 × 10−4 to 3 × 10−4 m/day.On the basis of these determinations, groundwater balances for separate segments of the watershed and for the whole of the basin were calculated. Considering the basin as a whole, it was found that the average values of groundwater-balance components during spring–summer seasons were as follows: infiltration, 111 mm or 30% of precipitation; evaporation, 58 mm or 19% of precipitation; and groundwater runoff, 61 mm or 20% of precipitation.


Le bassin expérimental de Wilson Creek est situé sur le talus de l'escarpement du Manitoba, dans le sud-ouest du Manitoba. Les observations sur le régime des eaux souterraines, les conditions météorologiques et du débit de cours d'eau ont été poursuivies sur ce bassin de 1965 à 1980. Les mesures des oscillations du niveau d'eau dans les puits révèlent que le débit spécifique pour le till varie de 0,03 à 0,04 et que celui du schiste argileux est égal à 0,04. La conductivité hydraulique verticale calculée du till varie de 2 × 10−4 à 3 × 10−4 m/jour.Ces déterminations ont permis de calculer les bilans des eaux souterraines pour divers segments du bassin versant et pour le bassin en entier. Au sujet du bassin entier, on a observé que les valeurs moyennes des composantes du bilan des eaux souterraines durant les saisons printemps–été furent : infiltration, 111 mm ou 30% de précipitation; évaporation, 58 mm ou 19% de précipitation, et ruissellement souterrain, 61 mm ou 20% de précipitation. [Traduit par le journal]

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

Information & Authors


Published In

cover image Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume 22Number 12December 1985
Pages: 1803 - 1812


Version of record online: 8 February 2011


Request permissions for this article.



Metrics & Citations


Other Metrics


Cite As

Export Citations

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

Cited by

1. Evaluation and forecasting of groundwater runoff in a small watershed in Manitoba

View Options

Get Access

Login options

Check if you access through your login credentials or your institution to get full access on this article.


Click on the button below to subscribe to Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences

Purchase options

Purchase this article to get full access to it.

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

View options


View PDF





Share Options


Share the article link

Share on social media