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Stand growth responses after fertilization for thinned lodgepole pine, Douglas-fir, and spruce in forests of interior British Columbia, Canada

Publication: Canadian Journal of Forest Research
3 September 2019

Abstract

This study was conducted to quantify growth responses of three major commercial conifer species (lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson), interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco), and spruce (white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) and hybrid spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry ex. Engelm. × Picea glauca (Moench) Voss × Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière))) to various fertilizer blends in interior British Columbia, Canada. Over 25 years, growth-response data were repeatedly collected across 46 installations. The fertilizer blends were classified into three groups: nitrogen only; nitrogen and sulfur combined; and nitrogen, sulfur, and boron combined. The growth responses for stand volume, basal area, and top height were calculated through absolute and relative growth rate ratios relative to a controlled group. Fertilizer blend, inverse years since fertilization, site index, stand density at fertilization, and their interactions with the fertilizer blend were used as explanatory variables. The magnitude and significance of volume and basal area growth responses to fertilization differed by species, fertilizer-blend groups, and stand-condition variables (i.e., site index and stand density). In contrast, the response in top height growth did not differ among fertilization blends, with the exception of the nitrogen and sulfur fertilizer subgroup for lodgepole pine. The models developed in this study will be incorporated into the current growth and yield fertilization module (i.e., Table Interpolation Program for Stand Yields (TIPSY)), thereby supporting guidance of fertilization applications in interior forests in British Columbia.

Résumé

Cette étude visait à quantifier la réaction de croissance de trois importantes espèces commerciales de conifères (pin tordu latifolié (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson), douglas de Menzies bleu (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco) et épinette (épinette blanche (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) et épinette hybride (Picea engelmannii Parry ex. Engelm. × Picea glauca (Moench) Voss × Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière)) à divers mélanges de fertilisants appliqués dans la zone intérieure de la Colombie-Britannique, au Canada. Les données de réaction de croissance ont été récoltées de façon répétée sur une période de 25 ans dans 46 installations. Les mélanges de fertilisants ont été classés en trois groups : azote seul, azote et soufre combinés, et azote, soufre et bore combinés. Les réactions de croissance en volume, en surface terrière et en hauteur dominante du peuplement ont été calculées en valeurs absolues et en rapports de taux de croissance relatif à un groupe témoin. Les variables explicatives étaient le mélange de fertilisants, l’inverse du nombre d’années depuis la fertilisation, l’indice de qualité de station, la densité du peuplement au moment de la fertilisation et leurs interactions avec le mélange de fertilisants. L’ampleur et la significativité statistique des réactions de croissance en volume et en surface terrière à la fertilisation différaient selon l’espèce, le groupe de mélange de fertilisants et les variables d’état du peuplement (c.-à-d. l’indice de qualité de station et la densité du peuplement). Par contre, la réaction de croissance en hauteur dominante n’a pas varié en fonction des mélanges de fertilisants, à l’exception du mélange d’azote et de soufre combinés dans le cas du pin tordu. Les modèles mis au point dans cette étude seront incorporés au module actuel de fertilisation pour la croissance et le rendement (c.-à-d. TIPSY) de façon à appuyer les directives pour les applications de fertilisants dans les forêts intérieures de la Colombie-Britannique. [Traduit par la Rédaction]

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Published In

cover image Canadian Journal of Forest Research
Canadian Journal of Forest Research
Volume 49Number 11November 2019
Pages: 1471 - 1482

History

Received: 28 May 2019
Accepted: 17 August 2019
Accepted manuscript online: 3 September 2019
Version of record online: 3 September 2019

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Key Words

  1. fertilization gain
  2. growth and yield model
  3. Pinus contorta
  4. Pseudotsuga menziesii
  5. Picea glauca
  6. Table Interpolation Program for Stand Yields (TIPSY)

Mots-clés

  1. bénéfices de la fertilisation
  2. modèle de croissance et rendement
  3. Pinus contorta
  4. Pseudotsuga menziesii
  5. Picea glauca
  6. Programme d’interpolation tabulaire pour les rendements des peuplements (TIPSY)

Authors

Affiliations

Woongsoon Jang [email protected]
Department of Forest Resources Management, The University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.
Bianca N.I. Eskelson*
Department of Forest Resources Management, The University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.
Louise de Montigny
Resource Practices Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development, P.O. Box 9513, Stn. Prov. Govt., Victoria, BC V8W 9C2, Canada.
Catherine A. Bealle Statland
Forest Analysis and Inventory Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development, P.O. Box 9512, Stn. Prov. Govt., Victoria, BC V8W 9C2, Canada.
Derek F. Sattler
Forest Analysis and Inventory Branch, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development, P.O. Box 9512, Stn. Prov. Govt., Victoria, BC V8W 9C2, Canada.
Suborna Ahmed
Department of Forest Resources Management, The University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Notes

*
Bianca N.I. Eskelson currently serves as an Associate Editor; peer review and editorial decisions regarding this manuscript were handled by Bradley Pinno.
Retired.
Present address: Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 506 Burnside Rd. W., Victoria, BC V8Z 1M5, Canada.
Copyright remains with the author(s) or their institution(s). Permission for reuse (free in most cases) can be obtained from RightsLink.

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2. Use of Multi-Temporal LiDAR to Quantify Fertilization Effects on Stand Volume and Biomass in Late-Rotation Coastal Douglas-Fir Forests

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