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Weight and Plyometric Training: Effects on Eccentric and Concentric Force Production

Publication: Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology
August 1996

Abstract

The study was performed in an effort to gain greater insights into the adaptations invoked by plyometric and weight training. Forty-one previously trained males were randomly allocated in either a control, plyometric, or weight-training group. The experimental groups trained for 8 weeks, performing either heavy lifts or dynamic plyometric exercises. The following test items were performed prior to and at the completion of the training period: (a) vertical jump, (b) a series of isoinertial concentric and eccentric tests, (c) push-up tests, and (d) maximal bench press and squat lifts. Plyometric training significantly enhanced the rate of eccentric lower body force production. The weight-training group primarily enhanced concentric function. These results were attributed to the specific stresses imposed by the differing forms of training and are discussed with reference to methods of enhancing training induced adaptations and the types of movements such training would tend to facilitate. Key words: rate of force development, isoinertial assessment, stretch-shorten cycle performance

Résumé

L'étude est réalisée pour connaître davantage les adaptations suscitées par l'entraînement avec poids et l'entraînement pliométrique. Quarante et un hommes qui se sont déjà entraînes sont répartis aléatoirement dans trois groupes : témoin, pliométrique et avec poids. Les groupes expérimentaux s'entraînent durant huit semaines à lever des poids lourds ou à faire des exercices pliométriques dynamiques. Les épreuves suivantes sont accomplies avant et aprés la période d'entraînement : (a) saut vertical, (b) ensemble d'exercices concentriques et excentriques avec la même résistance, (c) exercices de pompes brachiales, et (d) développé maximal au banc et exercices de flexion-extension des jambes avec charge (squat). L'entraînement pliométrique améliore significativement le taux de production de la force excentrique des membres inférieurs. L'entraînement avec poids améliore principalement la force concentrique. Ces observations sont attribuables aux sollicitations spécifiques des diverses formes d'entraînement et sont analysées en tenant compte des méthodes d'amélioration des adaptations par l'entraînement et des types de mouvement qu'une modalité d'entraînement pourrait favoriser. Mots-clés : taux de production de force, isorésistance, performance au cours de la phase écourtée de l'étirement

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cover image Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology
Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume 21Number 4August 1996
Pages: 301 - 315

History

Version of record online: 25 January 2011

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Key Words

  1. rate of force development
  2. isoinertial assessment
  3. stretch-shorten cycle performance

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