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Seismic passive earth pressure coefficients for sands

Publication: Canadian Geotechnical Journal
August 2001


By taking the failure surface as a combination of the arc of a logarithmic spiral and a straight line, passive earth pressure coefficients in the presence of horizontal pseudostatic earthquake body forces have been computed for an inclined wall placed against cohesionless backfill material. The presence of seismic forces induces a considerable reduction in the passive earth resistance. The reduction increases with an increase in the magnitude of the earthquake acceleration. The effect becomes more predominant for loose sands. The obtained results compared well with those reported in the literature using curved failure surfaces. However, the results available in the literature on the basis of a planar failure surface are found to predict comparatively higher passive resistance.Key words: earth pressures, earthquakes, limit equilibrium, plasticity, retaining walls, sands.


En considérant la surface de rupture comme étant une combinaison d'un arc de spirale logarithmique et d'une droite, on a calculé les coefficients de butée en présence de forces gravitationnelles horizontales pseudostatiques dues à une secousse sismique pour un mur incliné reposant contre un matériau de remblai pulvérulent. La présence de forces sismiques réduit considérablement la résistance en butée. La réduction s'accroît avec l'accroissement de la magnitude de l'accélération sismique. L'effet devient encore plus prédominant dans les sables meubles. Les résultats obtenus se comparent bien avec ceux rapportés dans la littérature et déterminés en utilisant les surfaces de rupture courbées. Cependant, on trouve que les résultats disponibles dans la littérature sur la base de surfaces de rupture planes prédisent des butées en comparaison plus élevées.Mots clés : pressions des terres, tremblements de terre, équilibre limite, plasticité, murs de soutènement, sables.[Traduit par la Rédaction]

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cover image Canadian Geotechnical Journal
Canadian Geotechnical Journal
Volume 38Number 4August 2001
Pages: 876 - 881


Version of record online: 25 January 2011


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