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Seismic passive earth pressure coefficients for sands

Publication: Canadian Geotechnical Journal
August 2001

Abstract

By taking the failure surface as a combination of the arc of a logarithmic spiral and a straight line, passive earth pressure coefficients in the presence of horizontal pseudostatic earthquake body forces have been computed for an inclined wall placed against cohesionless backfill material. The presence of seismic forces induces a considerable reduction in the passive earth resistance. The reduction increases with an increase in the magnitude of the earthquake acceleration. The effect becomes more predominant for loose sands. The obtained results compared well with those reported in the literature using curved failure surfaces. However, the results available in the literature on the basis of a planar failure surface are found to predict comparatively higher passive resistance.Key words: earth pressures, earthquakes, limit equilibrium, plasticity, retaining walls, sands.

Résumé

En considérant la surface de rupture comme étant une combinaison d'un arc de spirale logarithmique et d'une droite, on a calculé les coefficients de butée en présence de forces gravitationnelles horizontales pseudostatiques dues à une secousse sismique pour un mur incliné reposant contre un matériau de remblai pulvérulent. La présence de forces sismiques réduit considérablement la résistance en butée. La réduction s'accroît avec l'accroissement de la magnitude de l'accélération sismique. L'effet devient encore plus prédominant dans les sables meubles. Les résultats obtenus se comparent bien avec ceux rapportés dans la littérature et déterminés en utilisant les surfaces de rupture courbées. Cependant, on trouve que les résultats disponibles dans la littérature sur la base de surfaces de rupture planes prédisent des butées en comparaison plus élevées.Mots clés : pressions des terres, tremblements de terre, équilibre limite, plasticité, murs de soutènement, sables.[Traduit par la Rédaction]

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cover image Canadian Geotechnical Journal
Canadian Geotechnical Journal
Volume 38Number 4August 2001
Pages: 876 - 881

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Version of record online: 25 January 2011

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18. Passive Resistance of Retaining Walls Supporting Layered Cohesionless Backfill: A Plasticity Approach
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28. Pseudo-dynamic lateral earth pressures on rigid walls with varying cohesive-frictional backfill
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30. Effects of Mobilized Wall Friction Angle on Resultant Seismic Earth Pressure on Shallow Foundation
31. Passive earth pressure under the log-spiral failure mechanism
32. A Study on the Static and Seismic Earth Pressure Problems in Anisotropic Granular Media
33. Simplified Method for Calculating the Active Earth Pressure on Retaining Walls of Narrow Backfill Width Based on DEM Analysis
34. A method for active seismic earth thrusts of granular backfill acting on cantilever retaining walls
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36. A modified logarithmic spiral method for determining passive earth pressure
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43. Semi-Analytical Approach to Evaluate Seismic Passive Earth Pressures Considering the Effects of Soil Cohesion and a Curvilinear Failure Surface
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46. Numerical Evaluation of Passive Earth-Pressure Coefficients under the Effect of Surcharge Loading
47. Evaluation of Unsaturated Layer Effect on Seismic Analysis of Unbraced Sheet Pile Wall
48. Axisymmetric passive lateral earth pressure of retaining walls
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52. Earth pressure of layered soil on retaining structures
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54. A simple approach based on the limit equilibrium method for evaluating passive earth pressure coefficients
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56. Lower-Bound Limit Analysis of Seismic Passive Earth Pressure on Rigid Walls
57. Stability of sheet-pile walls subjected to seepage flow by slip lines and finite elements
58. Coulomb’s solution to seismic passive earth pressure on retaining walls
59. Slip-line solution to active earth pressure on retaining walls
60. Conjugate Stress Approach for Rankine Seismic Active Earth Pressure in Cohesionless Soils
61. A generalized log-spiral-Rankine limit equilibrium model for seismic earth pressure analysis
62. Extended “Mononobe-Okabe” Method for Seismic Design of Retaining Walls
63. Application of admissible stress fields for computation of passive seismic force in retaining walls
64. Formulation of Seismic Passive Resistance of Retaining Wall Backfilled with c-F Soil
65. Dynamic response law about gravity retaining wall to seismic characteristics and earth fill properties
66. Pseudo-Dynamic Evolution of Seismic Passive Earth Force and Pressure Behind Retaining Wall
67. Seismic Passive Earth Pressure on Walls with Bilinear Backface Using Pseudo-Dynamic Approach
68. Seismic Passive Earth Pressure Behind Non Vertical Wall with Composite Failure Mechanism: Pseudo-Dynamic Approach
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70. Seismic Passive Earth Thrust on Retaining Walls with Cohesive Backfills Using Pseudo-Dynamic Approach
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72. EFFECTS OF BODY WAVES AND SOIL AMPLIFICATION ON SEISMIC EARTH PRESSURES
73. Seismic Passive Earth Pressure Behind Non-vertical Retaining Wall Using Pseudo-dynamic Analysis
74. Sliding stability and seismic design of retaining wall by pseudo-dynamic method for passive case
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77. Seismic horizontal pullout capacity of vertical anchors in sands
78. Seismic passive resistance in soils for negative wall friction
79. Seismic passive earth pressure coefficients using the method of characteristics
80. Static and seismic passive earth pressure coefficients on rigid retaining structures: Discussion

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