Cookies Notification

We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy.
Open access

Nitrogen contribution of field pea in annual cropping systems. 1. Nitrogen residual effect

Publication: Canadian Journal of Plant Science
July 1997


The nitrogen (N) residual effect of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) to a succeeding non-legume crop was determined in a small plot experiment at Scott, Saskatchewan in the moist Dark Brown soil climatic zone, and in a small plot and landscape experiment near Melfort, Saskatchewan in the moist Black soil climatic zone from 1993 to 1995. The N residual effect, defined as the amount of fertilizer N required for a non-legume crop grown on non-legume stubble to produce the same yield as that of the non-legume grown on field pea stubble, averaged 27 and 12 kg N ha−1 at Melfort and Scott, respectively, in the small plot experiment, and 28 kg N ha−1 in the landscape experiment. Landscape slope position and preseeding tillage did not have a significant or consistent effect on the magnitude of the N residual effect of field pea to the succeeding non-legume crop. The N residual effect, calculated using the difference (economic N rate) method, was presumably due solely to the N benefit, with no non-N benefit contribution. The non-N benefit was effectively marginalized when the crop sequence that included field pea was compared with a reference rotation that included a cereal and an oilseed crop. Based on field pea seed yields and the calculated N residual effect, the N credit (N fertilizer replacement value) of field pea to a succeeding non-legume crop in the moist Black soil climatic zone was 15 kg N ha−1 for every 1000 kg of seed. This is slightly higher than the current recommendation of 5 to 10 kg N ha−1 1000 kg−1 seed. Results from the small plot experiment at Scott indicate that current N credit recommendations for field pea are appropriate for the moist Dark Brown soil climatic zone. Key words: Pisum sativum, Triticum aestivum, Hordeum vulgare, Brassica rapa, Linum usitatissimum, nitrogen residual effect


Nous avons mesuré l'arrière-effet de l'azote laissé par une culture de pois sec (Pisum sativum L.) sur une culture subséquente non légumineuse. Les emplacements expérimentaux étaient installés à Scott (Saskatchewan) dans la zone pédoclimatique semi-aride des sols bruns foncés en miniparcelles et près de Melfort dans la zone des sols noirs subhumides à la fois en miniparcelles et en parcelles de paysage pleine grandeur. L'effet azotés c.-à-d. la quantité d'engrais N requise par une non-légumineuse pour produire autant après une sole de non-légumineuse qu'après une sole de légumine (pois de grande culture) s'établissait, respectivement, à 27 et à 12 kg N ha−1 à Melfort et à Scott en petites parcelles et à 28 kg dans l'expérience paysagère. L'emplacement sur la pente dans le paysage et la préparation du lit de semence n'avaient pas d'effets significatifs ni réguliers sur l'importance de l'arrière-effet N du pois sur les cultures non-légumineuses suivantes. L'arrière- effet N, calculé par la méthode de la différence (taux de fumure N économiquement rentable) était vraisemblablement dû exclusivement à la présence du N résiduel. Les effets secondaires (autres que celui du N résiduel) étaient effectivement négligeables lorsqu'on comparait la séquence culturale comprenant une sole de pois avec la séquence de référence comprenant une céréale et une oléagineuse. D'après le rendement grainier du pois et l'arrière-effet calculé, la valeur de remplacement en fumure N d'une sole de pois sur la non-légumineuse suivante à Melfort était de 15 kg N ha−1 par 1 000 kg de poids produits. C'est légèrement plus que les 5 à 10 kg N actuellement recommandés. Les résultats obtenus à Scott dans l'expérience en miniparcelles laissent voir que les recommandations courantes relatives à la valeur de remplacement en fumure N du pois de grande culture sont correctes pour la zone pédoclimatique humide des sols bruns foncés. Mots clés: Pisum sativum L. Triticum aestivum, Hordeum vulgare, Brassica rapa, Linum usitatissimum, arrière-effet N

Formats available

You can view the full content in the following formats:

Information & Authors


Published In

cover image Canadian Journal of Plant Science
Canadian Journal of Plant Science
Volume 77Number 3July 1997
Pages: 311 - 322


Version of record online: 19 March 2011



Metrics & Citations


Other Metrics


Cite As

Export Citations

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

Cited by

1. Seeding rate and sulfur drive field pea yields in the Maritime region of Canada
2. Seeding rate and sulfur drive field pea yields in the Maritime region of Canada
3. Symptomless turnip yellows virus infection causes grain yield loss in lentil and field pea: A three-year field study in south-eastern Australia
4. Intercropping organic field peas with barley, oats, and mustard improves weed control but has variable effects on grain yield and net returns
5. Diversifying cropping sequence reduces nitrogen leaching risks
6. Field pea
7. Plant science’s next top models
8. Effect of Long-Term Nitrogen Addition on Wheat Yield, Nitrogen Use Efficiency, and Residual Soil Nitrate in a Semiarid Area of the Loess Plateau of China
9. A side-by-side comparison of biological nitrogen fixation and yield of four legume crops
10. Registration of ‘WyoWinter’ Feed Pea for the US Central Great Plains
11. Lentil enhances the productivity and stability of oilseed-cereal cropping systems across different environments
12. A meta-analysis approach to examining the greenhouse gas implications of including dry peas (Pisum sativum L.) and lentils (Lens culinaris M.) in crop rotations in western Canada
13. Field Pea Response to Seeding Rate, Depth, and Inoculant in West‐Central Nebraska
14. Pea and Barley Forage as Fallow Replacement for Dryland Wheat Production
15. Yield and uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus in soybean, pea, and lentil and effects on soil nutrient supply and crop yield in the succeeding year in Saskatchewan, Canada
16. Residual Fertilizer, Crop Sequence, and Water Availability Impact Rotational Nitrogen Balances
17. Chapter 7 Management Practices for Optimizing Phosphorus Availability to Crop Plants
18. Nitrogen-Related Rotational Effects of Legume Crops on Three Consecutive Subsequent Crops
19. Crop Choices and Rotation Principles
20. Dryland Cropping in the Canadian Prairies and the U.S. Northern Great Plains
21. Legumes can reduce economic optimum nitrogen rates and increase yields in a wheat–canola cropping sequence in western Canada
22. Relationships for estimating N 2 fixation in legumes: incidence for N balance of legume‐based cropping systems in Europe
23. Break crops and rotations for wheat
24. Rotational Effects of Legumes and Non‐Legumes on Hybrid Canola and Malting Barley
25. Tillage of Cover Crops Affects Soil Water, Nitrogen, and Wheat Yield Components
26. Nitrogen supply from belowground residues of lentil and wheat to a subsequent wheat crop
27. Pyrosequencing reveals how pulses influence rhizobacterial communities with feedback on wheat growth in the semiarid Prairie
28. Potential of Management Practices and Amendments for Preventing Nutrient Deficiencies in Field Crops under Organic Cropping Systems
29. Site-specific wild oat (Avena fatua L.) management
30. Pulse Crops Improve Energy Intensity and Productivity of Cereal Production in Montana, USA
31. Solute transport in a hummocky landscape: I. Two-dimensional redistribution of bromide
32. Solute transport in a hummocky landscape: II. Vertical and seasonal redistribution of bromide and 15N-labelled nitrate
33. Agronomic Benefit and Economic Potential of Introducing Fall‐Seeded Pea and Lentil into Conventional Wheat‐Based Crop Rotations
34. Relative Effectiveness of Various Amendments in Improving Yield and Nutrient Uptake under Organic Crop Production
35. Soil microbial quality associated with yield reduction in continuous-pea
36. Wheat Grain Quality Response to Tillage and Rotation with Field Pea
37. Break crop benefits in temperate wheat production
38. Integrated Nutrient Management
39. Nitrogen Economy of Pulse Crop Production in the Northern Great Plains
40. The effect of harvest date on forage production and crude protein yield of forage pea and small grain cereal mixtures
41. Green Manuring in Crop Production
42. Winter Pea and Lentil Response to Seeding Date and Micro‐ and Macro‐Environments
43. Cropping Sequence Effect of Pea and Pea Management on Spring Wheat in the Northern Great Plains
44. Energy use and efficiency in two Canadian organic and conventional crop production systems
45. Nutrient Availability and Yield of Wheat Following Field Pea and Lentil in Saskatchewan, Canada
46. Impact of Tillage and Crop Rotation on Spring Wheat Yield: II. Rotation Effect
47. Enhancing Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Crop Plants
48. Pulse Crops for the Northern Great Plains
49. Pulse Crops for the Northern Great Plains: I. Grain Productivity and Residual Effects on Soil Water and Nitrogen
50. Influence of Diverse Cropping Sequences on Durum Wheat Yield and Protein in the Semiarid Northern Great Plains
51. Yield and water use of broadleaf crops in a semiarid climate
52. Pulse Crop Adaptation in the Northern Great Plains
53. Leaching and plant offtake of N in field pea/cereal cropping sequences with incorporation of 15 N‐labelled pea harvest residues
54. A comparison of two methods to predict the landscape-scale variation of crop yield

View Options

View options


View PDF

Get Access

Login options

Check if you access through your login credentials or your institution to get full access on this article.


Click on the button below to subscribe to Canadian Journal of Plant Science

Purchase options

Purchase this article to get full access to it.

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.





Share Options


Share the article link

Share on social media